Temporalité et espace du récit dans les romans de Tony Hillerman

TitreTemporalité et espace du récit dans les romans de Tony Hillerman
Type de publicationThèse
Année de publication1996
Type de thèse, Département / SpécialitéThèse de doctorat en Études nord-américaines
Université de rattachementParis VII- Denis Diderot
Nombre de pages486
Jour et mois de soutenance22/11
Auteur(s)Michaud, M.

An american writer born and bred among seminole indians, tony hillerman, by reviving the "ethnological mystery novel" genre, acknowledges his main influence : arthur upfield. Hillerman’s novels feature two navajo policemen who investigate murders committed on the huge indian reservation. His choice of the scene of the crime and of native officers enables him to explore the complex relationships between two worlds : the first, the spiritual and timeless world of the navajos, rooted in the wisdom of the ancestors, and the second, the world of the white man, trapped within human time, which drives towards the pursuit of material possessions and social advancement. Breaking with the urban tradition and the temporal and thematic structures of the mystery genre, hillerman opens the doors to a navajo perception of the universe. The narration is imbued with this perception through the concept of space, which is present in the descriptions -which invite to a journey through time. The narrative structure itself translates this interference, weaving temporal arrangements characteristic of the navajo oral traditions. Thus, the mythology, controlling both time and space, transforms the mystery novel into an initiatory quest for identity which brings the two investigators into contact with their sacred time in order to restore a navajo harmony.