Is metallothionein in Mimachlamys varia a suitable biomarker of trace elements in the waters of the French Atlantic coast?
|Titre||Is metallothionein in Mimachlamys varia a suitable biomarker of trace elements in the waters of the French Atlantic coast?|
|Type de publication||Article|
|Année de publication||2020|
|Titre de la revue||Environmental Science and Pollution Research International|
|Auteur(s)||Breitwieser, M., Bruneau M., Barbarin M., Churlaud C., Mouneyrac C. et Thomas H.|
The development of human activities along the Atlantic coast is responsible for the chronic pollution of the environment with organic and inorganic contaminants. In recent years, environmental regulations such as the MSFD (2008/56/EC) and the OSPAR commission have been developed to preserve coastal environments, giving rise to studies in aquatic biomonitoring. One of them is to use biomarkers to observe the pollutants impact on coastal species such as the bivalve Mimachlamys varia. A defence biomarker was considered in this research to study metal accumulation, with metallothioneins (Mts) involved in the uptake, storage and excretion of metals. To achieve this, bivalves were collected in March 2016 in seven sites along the French Atlantic coasts (open area) and in harbours (semi-open area) with contrasting levels of pollution. Biomarker assays were performed to compare the responses in several tissues (digestive glands, gonads, gills) to inorganic pollutants. The results showed that the accumulation of trace element was different depending on the site and the organ. Mts concentrations were greater in digestive gland compared with gills. Usually, Mts levels were decreased in site showing elevated levels of trace element which explained by downregulation of Mts. Furthermore, results of correlation between Mts and inorganic contaminants and the influence of abiotic factors on Mts suggested that Mts in M. varia is not a relevant biomarker in environments exposed to cocktails of contaminants.