Skin Microbiota and Cosmetics Influence

TitreSkin Microbiota and Cosmetics Influence
Type de publicationArticle
Année de publication2020
LangueAnglais
Titre de la revueE scholarly community encyclopedia
Auteur(s)Latire, T., Fournière M. et Bedoux G.
Résumé

ermatological and cosmetics fields have recently started to focus on the human skin microbiome and microbiota, since the skin microbiota is involved in the health and dysbiosis of the skin ecosystem. Amongst the skin microorganisms, Staphylococcus epidermidis and Cutibacterium acnes, both commensal bacteria, appear as skin microbiota sentinels. These sentinels have a key role in the skin ecosystem since they protect and prevent microbiota disequilibrium by fighting pathogens and participate in skin homeostasis through the production of beneficial bacterial metabolites. These bacteria adapt to changing skin microenvironments and can shift to being opportunistic pathogens, forming biofilms, and thus are involved in common skin dysbiosis, such as acne or atopic dermatitis.